Johannes Hieronymus Kapsberger
1580 - 1651
Johann(es) Hieronymus Kapsberger (also: Giovanni Girolamo or Giovanni Geronimo Kapsperger), (1580 - January 17, 1651) was a German-Italian virtuoso performer and composer of lute, theorbo and chitarrone music during the early Baroque period. Reputedly born in Venice, son of a German gentleman, he became well-respected amongst his peers for the brilliance of his playing and was in favor of the Papal court while working in Rome from 1610.

Kapsberger's published music includes pieces for the lute and chitarrone in a variety of forms. He also composed some vocal music, which is critically less acclaimed. Kapsberger's music is best known for its rhythmic oddities and melodic drive, qualities that are most evident in his dance music. Together with Alessandro Piccinini, Kapsberger was one of the principal and arguably more progressive composers of lute music during his time and greatly contributed towards advancing the instrument.